The three humors are responsible for the functioning of the human organism according to the Ayurveda. When the three Doshas Vata, Pitta and Kapha reside undisturbed in their proper organs and tissues, the organism is supported by them and is in balance. When disturbed, they cause disease and deterioration of the body.
Of all of them, Vata (Wind) is the key. Pitta and Kapha cannot move from their centers unless the air within the body carries them.
|Vata (Wind)||Air and Akasha||Prana Vata||Chest region|
|Udana Vata||Thoracic and throat region|
|Samana Vata||Hearth and navel region|
|Vyana Vata||Hearth and circulatory vessels|
|Apana Vata||Pelvic region|
|Pitta (Bile)||Fire and Water||Pachaka Pitta||Liver and pancreas|
|Ranjaka Pitta||Liver and spleen|
|Kapha (Mucus)||Water and Earth||Kledaka Kapha||Stomach|
|Avalambaka Kapha||Hearth, chest and lower back regions|
|Bodhaka Kapha||Mouth, Tongue and throat|
|Tarpaka Kapha||Head (cerebrospinal fluid)|